Marius Petipa

French ballet dancer and choreographer (Marseille, 1822 — St-Petersburg, 1910).

After having started his career in France, he was appointed principal dancer at the Maryinski Imperial Theatre in Saint-Petersburg (1847); an institution where he was destined to remain. As ballet master, he directed numerous shows with pantomime playing a more and more important role.

He is especially renowned for his choreography in “Don Quixote” (1869), “Roxana” or “The Beauty from Montenegro” (1878), “The Vestal Virgin” (1888) and, set to Tchaikovsky’s music, in “Sleeping Beauty” (1890), “The Nutcracker” (1892), and “Swan Lake” (1895). The Memoirs of Petipa whose ballet tradition was inherited by Diaghilev and the Russian Ballets were published in 1906.

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